Sometimes navigating beauty products is as difficult as navigating the K-beauty skincare routine. With the advent of a some kind of new gadget or formula every season, we decided to get back to the basics and go over what you’re getting yourself into when you look for a product to add to your regiment.
These basic beauty terms a great primer for knowing exactly what your beauty cabinet needs.
Basic Beauty Terms
Astringents: These tighten pores and firm up the skin temporarily by causing a mild inflammation of the skin surface. Common natural astringents include witch hazel, apple cider vinegar and rose water.
Clarifying lotions: These are gentle liquid exfoliants that contain antibacterial properties and help problematic and acneic skin. Typically has salicylic acid. They slough away dead skin cells and remove excess oil.
Emollients: These include creams, moisturizers and ointments meant to prevent skin from drying out. They soothe and soften the skin. Common emollients are beeswax and shea butter.
Emulsifiers: They bind ingredients that have a tendency to separate. You’ll commonly see them as some sort of sulfate.
Essence: Balances skin after cleansing and toning. It primes the skin to absorb serums better.
Exfoliants: Rids the skin of dead skin cells and stimulates blood flow. The exfoliant can be chemical or abrasive.
Humectants: Draws moisture from the air to the skin. They draw water molecules from the air and help seal moisture.
Moisturizers: They form a seal that prevents moisture from seeping out by coating the skin. They hold the water on the surface of the skin.
Serums: Products with a high concentration of active ingredients that penetrate deeper into the skin. Used before moisturizing.
Toners: Regulate and balance the skin’s oil glands. They remove excess dirt and balance the pH of the skin.